2002年到2003年间，在高优先级世界银行贷款项目中，阿尔斯通在喀布尔使一个停产了十年的发电厂又重新恢复生产。2007年2月阿富汗经济部长Mohammad Jalil Shams参防了阿尔斯通瑞士公司，讨论进一步对电厂的两个GT9D型燃气涡轮提供服务，于3月中旬签署了服务合同，合同包括检查和各种复原工作。
[COLOR=#708090]Alstom to service two gas turbines in Kabul, Afghanistan
In 2002/2003, in a high priority World Bank financed project, Alstom rehabilitated a power plant in northwest Kabul after it had been shut down for ten years. In February 2007 Afghanistan’s Minister of Economy Dr. Mohammad Jalil Shams visited Alstom Switzerland to discuss further service work on the plant’s two type GT9D gas turbines. In mid-March a contract was signed that includes inspections & various rehabilitation work.
Afghanistan’s power grid has been severely damaged by years of war, and less than 10 percent of its population has access to electricity. Current efforts are focussed on simply trying to deal with today’s pressing needs by rehabilitating existing electrical infrastructure and buying new capacity. And much more will be needed very soon to match the country’s planned development.
Dr. Shams told Alstom that by 2010 the Afghan government has set itself and the international community the ambitious goal of delivering reliable power to 65% of urban and 25% of rural areas.
Power shortages in Kabul
Just 6% of the capital Kabul is connected to the grid five years after the Taliban regime was toppled. The city sometimes receives only three or four hours per day of power, and electricity comes on at irregular times and cannot be relied upon.
Most shopkeepers in the city centre have a generator cranking out the necessary power to run lights, computers or copiers. Everywhere there is smoke and noise with cables snaking across footpaths. But entire districts of the poor outskirts of Kabul have no electricity. In 2006 tens of thousands of Kabul households endured a sweltering summer without fans or refrigerators and a high-altitude winter without hot water or heat.
The immediate causes of Kabul’s power shortage are two-fold; a battered urban infrastructure and dramatically increased electricity demand.
Three hydroelectric power dams and Alstom’s 44MW power plant with two GT9D gas turbines provide baseload power to the city. This represents an installed capacity, when fully operational, of approximately 254MW - fit for around 800,000 people.
Completed in 1985, Alstom’s 44MW power plant consists of two GT9D gas turbines - each having a capacity of around 22MW. The plant, located in Kabul’s Khair Khana district, can potentially provide up to 30% of the city’s peak electricity requirements, and the client wants the turbines to run for at least another 15 years.[/COLOR]