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ABB方案减少美国和欧洲港口废气排放

2007年03月27日 11:58:00 中国传动网

2007-03-26- ABB为荷兰到美国航线提供高压海岸通讯线(HVSC)以减少停靠在美国主要港口的船舶废气排放。ABB在2000年运送了世界上首个排放清洁HVSC,这是一个赢得欧盟环境奖的创新产品。 该岸舰电源解决方案使三个荷兰到美国航线的13个巡航舰接通了当地电网,停靠在美国西雅图港口时关闭柴油机。
ABB的高压海岸通讯线使得巡航舰中途停靠在美国西海岸主要港口时减少燃料费用,实质上消除了二氧化碳的排放和噪音污染。对于西雅图来说就意味着改善的空气质量,和城市公共电力行业增加的税收。 该方案包括舰艇电源管理系统的11 kV开关设备,自动化控制硬件和软件,将靠岸甲板连接到主配电板的高压电缆和低压电缆以及随船携带的电源管理系统。 特别是巡航舰在靠港的时候消耗大量的电力。 在停靠港口时,这些巨大的漂流旅馆需要为约4000位旅客和船员提供供暖,空调和照明。 通过电网电源,而不是柴油机发电,真正的减少了二氧化碳排放节约了燃油。 空气污染的最大来源 美国和欧洲港务局和舰艇操作员正面临着潜在的压力――改善港口空气质量,这些港口通常位于脆弱的海洋环境或者大型的重污染城市。 根据欧盟2005年报道,“舰艇迅速成为了欧洲最大的空气污染源,”该报道得出结论,除非采取更多的措施,否则到2020年舰艇废气排放量将比所有大陆排放量还要多。 在美国也是相似的情形,在预期的法律出台前,如洛杉矶,旧金山和西雅图等城市正采取措施降低舰艇废气排放和环境影响,法律出台将强制实施电网接通。 西雅图港口另外一个工程――Princess海岸电源工程——包括Princess巡航舰采用海岸供电以大大降低发动机废气排放,根据西雅图港务局报告,2005年该工程每个舰艇涡轮发电机燃料降低了35公吨,每季度降低了7.7吨颗粒物质和203.5吨二氧化硫排放。 original text [COLOR=#708090]ABB solutions cut emissions at U.S. and EU ports 2007-03-26 - ABB is supplying Holland America Line with high voltage shore connections (HVSC) to eliminate the emissions of ships berthed at a leading U.S. port. ABB delivered the world‘s first emissions-free HVSC in 2000, an innovation that won the customer a major EU environmental award. The shore-to-ship power solutions enable three of Holland America Line‘s 13 cruise ships to plug into the local power grid and switch off their diesel engines while docked at their home port of Seattle in the United States. ABB‘s high voltage shore connection enables the vessels to cut fuel costs and virtually eliminate greenhouse gas emissions and noise pollution during stopovers at one of the leading ports on the U.S. west coast. For Seattle it means improved air quality and increased revenues for the city‘s publicly owned electric utility. The solution includes 11 kV switchgear, automation hardware and software for the ships‘ power management systems, and high voltage and low voltage cables that connect the shore panel to the main switchboard and power management system onboard each vessel. Cruise ships in particular use vast quantities of power while in port. These giant floating hotels require heating, air conditioning and lighting for around 4,000 guests and crew throughout their stay in port. By using electricity from the grid, rather then generating power from the diesel engines, the reductions in emissions and savings in fuel are substantial. Biggest source of air pollution Port authorities and shipping operators in the United States and Europe are under increasing political pressure to improve air quality in ports, which are often located in sensitive marine environments or large densely populated cities. According to a report issued in 2005 by the European Union, “ships are fast becoming the biggest source of air pollution in the EU.” Unless more action is taken, the report concludes, ships are set to “emit more than all land sources combined by 2020.” The situation is similar in the United States where cities like Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle are taking steps to reduce ship emissions and lower the environmental impact of their ports ahead of expected legislation that could make shore power connections mandatory. Another project at the Port of Seattle - the Princess Shore Power Project - involving Princess cruise ships uses electric power from shore to significantly reduce engine emissions. The project in 2005 eliminated 35 metric tons of turbine engine fuel per ship call, and seasonal reductions of 7.7 tons of particulate matter, and 203.5 tons of sulfur dioxides emissions, according to the Seattle Port Authority.[/COLOR]
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